Climate Change Adaptation Resources

PanCanadian Parks and Protected Areas Resource Page

Natural Solutions to Climate Change

Parks and protected areas in Canada are on the environmental and social front-lines of climate change. From natural disasters and biodiversity loss to climate grief and staff pressures, few places and organizations face such direct impacts of climate change. At the same time, parks and protected areas offer incredible opportunities to adapt and mitigate to climate change, both through nature-based solutions and conserving biodiversity, as well as providing places and programs for people to reconnect with the natural world they so desperately need to protect.

This resource page and community of practice builds on the work of the Canadian Parks Council Climate Change Working Group and the 2020 Park Leaders Development Program Capstone Team Project on Climate Change. CPCIL supports resource-sharing, discussion forums, and an opportunity to connect with colleagues on issues related to climate change in parks and protected areas.

Canadian Parks Council
Climate Change Working Group

The Canadian Parks Council supported a multi-year, collaborative workshop of park agency staff who were leading climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts in their organizations. This working group produced the following resources.

A two-minute video about the role of parks and protected areas as natural solutions to climate change.

This resource was developed to support climate change adaptation in Canada, building upon the adaptation cycle presented in “Adapting to Climate Change” from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and integrating additional elements and considerations through engagement, dialogue and the review of published literature.


This report provides a foundational communications guide for parks and protected area practitioners, and illustrates how parks and protected areas are natural solutions for climate change through nine key messages. The report includes topics such as potential communication barriers, best practices for climate change communication, and prospective audiences, as well as a selection of sample taglines and posters.


This excel spreadsheet contains summary information, quotations, and additional resources that underline the importance of permanence for various social and ecological priorities (e.g. biodiversity, research, ecosystem services, cultural practices, etc.) in the face of climate change. The table covers eight protected area topics and three key messages for use by those who wish to communicate the value of permanent protected areas as part of a natural solution to climate change.


This workshop was hosted in partnership with the Government of the Northwest Territories on June 6th and 7th, 2018. It focused on building relationships and initiating an exchange of knowledge between parks and protected area practitioners, Indigenous knowledge holders, and climate change researchers in a northern Canadian context.


Completed in 2013, this initial report highlights the roles of parks and protected areas in climate change adaptation and mitigation, and some of the actions taken to date by provincial, territorial and federal parks and protected areas agencies as they respond to the challenge of rapid climate change.


Park Agency Programs

The Canadian Parks Council member agencies represent Canada’s federal, provincial, and territorial governments. Each of these jurisdictions offer climate change programs and policies, either directly or indirectly linked to each parks and protected areas system.

Canadian Parks Council member agencies

Canadian Parks Council collaborators

Other Networks or Organizations

Nature-based Solutions: Indigenous-led Conservation and Carbon Storage in Canada

Videos and links to report

“Nature-based solutions are actions that restore, protect, or sustainably manage ecosystems while contributing to the well-being of societies and biodiversity. When led by Indigenous Peoples, nature-based solutions can contribute to economic development while supporting Indigenous governance and cultures. Despite being interconnected, innovations in climate action and conservation are often isolated from one another. The resources below are outputs of a project led by the CRP in collaboration with Anwaatin and Shared Value Solutions, and funded by the Metcalf Foundation.” 

Download the Report 

Download the Infographic


Indigenous-led Nature Based Greenhouse Gas Offsets: One Route Towards Reconciliation in Canada

“Canada has an incredibly valuable asset in its natural systems.  In the face of climate change, this is an asset whose value the world can now recognize.  Previously, Canadian society tended to look at these natural systems as resources that were only valuable when cut down, used and processed in some way.  Now, in the face of the twin crises of biodiversity loss and climate change, Canada and the world are catching up to Indigenous peoples who have always known and advocated for the importance and interconnectedness of natural systems.  As a part of the transition to a low carbon future, Indigenous-led, nature-based greenhouse gas (GHG) offsets could play a central role.”

Link to Article by Stephen Nitah and Mary-Kate Craig

“Canada’s forests, grasslands, wetlands and oceans are part of the climate change solution. These ecosystems help to mitigate the impacts of climate change by absorbing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Learn more about how Canada can prevent further biodiversity loss and improve our resilience to climate change by protecting our ecosystems in our 2019 Climate Report.

CPAWS Climate Change Resources


“The Climate Atlas of Canada combines climate science, mapping and storytelling to bring the global issue of climate change closer to home for Canadians. It is designed to inspire local, regional, and national action that will let us move from risk to resilience”

ipcc logo

“The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created to provide policymakers with regular scientific assessments on climate change, its implications and potential future risks, as well as to put forward adaptation and mitigation options.”

“IUCN engages on this issue from multiple perspectives, from assessing the risks that climate change poses to biodiversity, to advancing practical nature-based solutions centred on the better conservation, management and restoration of the world’s ecosystems”


Contact the CPCIL if you are, or know of, a leader in this field.