Research and Knowledge

PanCanadian Parks and Protected Areas Research Network

Establishing a Pan-Canadian Research Network for Parks & Protected Areas

Whether natural or social science, local or Indigenous knowledge, or integrated research, effective park leadership requires the best available evidence–and an understanding of how to use it. Parks Canada Agency and the Mount Royal University Institute for Environmental Sustainability–as well as affiliated academic institutions–aim to bridge the gap between researchers and practitioners in parks and protected areas by establishing a pan-Canadian reseach network. Our activities include:

Connecting researchers and practitioners, focusing on landscape-level and existing networks.

Sharing existing knowledge by curating and presenting inter/transdisciplinary research in inclusive ways, highlighting practitioners and identifying mutually beneficial research.

Supporting academics, practitioners, journalists, elected officials, and decision makers in understanding and applying evidence in parks and protected areas.

Building an intergenerational, interdisciplinary, inter-industry, and intercultural conversation about the value of parks and protected areas research.

These activities are informed by the collaborative knowledge mobilization research project and a pre-conference workshop at the 2019 Canadian Parks Conference. The final workshop report is available here in French and English.

Workshop Summary Report (en)

Rapport Sommaire (fr)

By extending established relationships and creating new connections, this project created a multidisciplinary, inter-institutional, cross-sectoral partnership to mobilize parks-relevant knowledge. While social science, Indigenous and local knowledge are a focus of this project, we acknowledge the inter-connectedness of other forms of knowledge and the necessary engagement with them to resolve complex parks-related challenges and decisions.

This CPCIL Parks Research Network Program is Funded by Parks Canada Agency and is supported in part by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

Research Network Platform

The Canadian Parks Collective Parks and Protected Areas Research Network was created as a knowledge exchange and dissemination network, as part of an outcome of a collaborative knowledge mobilization research project and a pre-conference workshop at the 2019 Canadian Parks Conference. This platform is intended to facilitate interaction between individuals, organizations, and governments dedicated to the advancement of effective park management and related desired outcomes such as increased social equity, biodiversity conservation, multi-stakeholder governance, and healthy communities through access to diverse sources of knowledge.

Find a Park Researcher

Search CPCIL park leader profiles to connect with colleagues, researchers, and experienced park leaders from across Canada.

Search Park Leaders


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Join (or start) a Research Conversation

The Canadian Parks Collective for Innovation and Leadership hosts a monthly webinar series on a variety of topics related to parks and protected areas. We also hold special research dialogues and events with multiple partners, including an annual Virtual Parks Research Summit. The Pan-Canadian Parks and Protected Areas Research Network also hosts a discussion forum to share and collaborate on a variety of issues.

Crowdsource a Research Idea

The Canadian Parks Collective Parks and Protected Areas Research Network includes a tool for researchers, park practitioners, community and Indigenous partners to collaborate by sharing research ideas, proposing projects, and exploring ways to work together. Graduate students are encouraged to present their research in order to engage with the Parks and Protected Areas Research Network community. Research Ideas may be combined, refined, or removed as they unfold. Suggested topics do not constitute a guarantee of success nor of funding. 

Recent Ideas

You must be registered on CPCIL.ca to submit a research project. 

Research Network Highlights

Parks and Knowledge Mobilization Study

Funded by a SSHRC Partnership Development Grant, this project aims at improving understanding of how different kinds of knowledge, including natural and social sciences, as well as Indigenous and local knowledge, are valued and used to advance protected and conserved area management, planning and policy making.

Learn More
Horizon Scan

Parks Canada Horizon Scan of emerging issues that may or will affect ecosystem services and functions in protected areas across Canada (in development)

Parks Canada
Horizon Scan Landing Page
Conservation Through Reconciliation

Conservation through Reconciliation Partnership is a seven-year initiative funded by SSHRC that aims to support efforts to advance Indigenous-led conservation in the spirit of reconciliation and decolonization.

Visit Project Site

Recent Research Posts

Park and Knowledge Mobilization Study

Funded by a SSHRC Partnership Development Grant and led by University of Alberta, this project aims at improving understanding of how different kinds of knowledge, including natural and social sciences, as well as Indigenous and local knowledge, are valued and used to advance protected and conserved area management, planning and policy making. The focus is on knowledge mobilization or “moving knowledge into active service” (SSHRC, 2008). In other words, making research accessible, so that it can be put into practice.

Through a pan-Canadian survey and case studies from across Canada, this research project explores how Canada’s conservation agencies are using “knowledge” to meet national and international commitments, such as Canadian 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets, including:

Goal C. By 2020, Canadians have adequate and relevant information about biodiversity and ecosystem services to support conservation planning and decision-making.

  • Target 14. By 2020, the science base for biodiversity is enhanced and knowledge of biodiversity is better integrated and more accessible.

  • Target 15. By 2020, Aboriginal traditional knowledge is respected, promoted and, where made available by Aboriginal peoples, regularly, meaningfully and effectively informing biodiversity conservation and management decision-making.

This project incorporates a comparative analysis of knowledge mobilization (KM) in 4 to 6 of Canada. At each site, we can confirm if barriers affecting our case study locations are similar to those previously documented in the literature. We would also like to understand how organizations and individuals have overcome those barriers, to compare how the KM process was used to access and apply new knowledge in park management, and its effectiveness relative to outcomes. Case study sites and focus include:

How is knowledge shared across diverse agencies involved in the Beaver Hills Biosphere.

How different forms of knowledge are used to facilitate implementation of risk management strategies and risk management capacity needs within the greater Pinery Provincial Park and Bruce Peninsula National Park regions.

How has knowledge been used to inform Grizzly bear management in the Kananaskis Valley over the past two decades.

Project Director
Dr. Elizabeth Halpenny

Dr. Halpenny is an Assoc. Professor at the UAlberta (Project Director) with 20 years of parks research and project management experience in the nonprofit conservation sector and academia, in Canada and overseas. She is conversant with finances and budgeting, setting timelines and keeping teams on track to meet goals. She is familiar with coordinating partners from different sectors, time zones and workspaces. She has extensive experience with graduate student mentorship.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Nathan Bennett

Dr. Carruthers Den Hoed, Senior Fellow and Manager of the Canadian Parsk Collective and Adjunct Professor in Nursing and Midwifery, Mount Royal U, brings valuable insights as a park agency manager with extensive training in research and interdisciplinary inquiry. An expert in inclusion and facilitating access for diverse groups to parks, he also has extensive experience in park staff capacity building and education. He will assist the Banff Bow-Valley Alberta case studies and KM Immersion Course development.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Don Carruthers Den Hoed

Dr. Carruthers Den Hoed, Senior Fellow and Manager of the Canadian Parsk Collective and Adjunct Professor in Nursing and Midwifery, Mount Royal U, brings valuable insights as a park agency manager with extensive training in research and interdisciplinary inquiry. An expert in inclusion and facilitating access for diverse groups to parks, he also has extensive experience in park staff capacity building and education. He will assist the Banff Bow-Valley Alberta case studies and KM Immersion Course development.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Joyce Gould

Dr. Joyce Gould, Science Coordinator, AB Parks, Adj. Professor, Faculty of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, UAlberta, and recipient of the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas’ Gold Leaf Award, studies rare plant species and works with Alberta Parks to translate science into policy and practice. She actively bridges disciplinary and sectoral barriers that affect evidence-based park management and will serve as a key link between Gvt. of Alberta policymakers and network partners.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Brian Joubert

Dr. Joubert, Senior Planner, AB Parks, was recently awarded a Ph.D. in geography, and has extensive training in environmental management and perceptions, stakeholder and First Nations consultation, as well as cultural aspects of land use behaviour.  With extensive experience as an adventure and ecotourism guide, he also brings tourism and recreation sector perspectives. He will be the lead AB Parks contact, assisting with research design and KM efforts and ensuring sound practitioner engagement.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Lars Hallström

Dr. Hallström, Professor and Director, Alberta Centre for Sustainable Rural Communities, UAlberta, has spearheaded AB Parks’ science-community engagement process leading to the formation of the Social Science Working Group and related policy Framework. He has extensive institutional knowledge and KM experience in the health policy sector, and PI experience on previous CIHR- and SSHRC-funded teams. He will co-lead the interrogation of AB Parks Division’s Parks and Protected Areas Social Science Framework.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Howie Harshaw

Dr. Hallström, Professor and Director, Alberta Centre for Sustainable Rural Communities, UAlberta, has spearheaded AB Parks’ science-community engagement process leading to the formation of the Social Science Working Group and related policy Framework. He has extensive institutional knowledge and KM experience in the health policy sector, and PI experience on previous CIHR- and SSHRC-funded teams. He will co-lead the interrogation of AB Parks Division’s Parks and Protected Areas Social Science Framework.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Howie Harshaw

Dr. Glen Hvenegaard, Professor, UAlberta-Augustana, teaches and researches parks planning, environmental science and environmental education. An experienced survey researcher and previous employee of the US and Canadian park systems, he will lead the surveys of conservation agency parks staff and assist with the Beaver Hills case study. Excellent connections with the international parks community (IUCN-WCPA member) will facilitate global network expansion.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Glen Hvenegaard

Dr. Glen Hvenegaard, Professor, UAlberta-Augustana, teaches and researches parks planning, environmental science and environmental education. An experienced survey researcher and previous employee of the US and Canadian park systems, he will lead the surveys of conservation agency parks staff and assist with the Beaver Hills case study. Excellent connections with the international parks community (IUCN-WCPA member) will facilitate global network expansion.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Chris Lemieux

Dr. Chris Lemieux, Asst. Professor, Wilfrid Laurier U, has an extensive network of organizations to connect the Parks Research Network developed from years of service to organizations such as the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas, Canadian Parks Council’s Climate Change Working Group and IUCN/WCPA’s Climate Change and Healthy People Healthy Parks task forces. Experience the Canadian Artic as well as ‘the south’, Chris brings extensive experience in community engagement, multi-stakeholder governance, and multi-partner research program expertise. He will guide case study efforts in Ontario, and assist with the Systematic Review and Staff Survey activities.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Joe Pavelka

Dr. Joe Pavelka, Assoc. Professor, Mount Royal U, brings an interdisciplinary approach to grappling with park management issues. He will use his well-honed facilitation and training skills to lead the Social Science Immersion Course for parks professionals. His creative and enlivening efforts to bring Mount Royal U scholars’ research to the public will help inform the network’s KT efforts.



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Dee Patriquin

Dr. Dee Patriquin, a Senior Environmental Scientist for Solstice Canada and Adj. Professor at the UAlberta-Augustana will lead the case studies. Her 20+ years of project management and community consulting expertise and familiarity with land use policies and socio-cultural theory will ensure community-sensitive, effective execution of the case studies. Her dissertation, on place-based land management of the Beaver Hills region, provides her with ample connections and local knowledge of the Beaver Hills Biosphere Reserve to ensure as successful case study there. 



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. John Shultis

Dr. John Shultis, Assoc. Professor, U of Northern British Columbia, will co-lead the BC case study and help expand research and KM efforts into BC. He has expertise in the psychological dimensions of recreation and tourism, and the social and cultural functions of protected areas. 



CO-APPLICANT
Dr. Rick Rollins

Dr. Rick Rollins, Professor Emeritus, Vancouver Island U, will help with the BC case study and conservation staff survey. He has conducted similar research in BC and has participated in several multi-party research projects, including an ICURA project funded by SSHRC and IDRC. His leadership in the Canadian parks field is demonstrated through his co-editing of Canada’s leading parks course textbook, Parks and Protected Areas in Canada: Planning and Management(4th ed.) (2016). His passion for KM is exemplified by other research-practice projects including past active engagement in the BC Parks Research Forum. 

Other Parks Related Research Networks

CPCIL is a co-applicant on the Conservation through Reconciliation Partnership, a seven-year initiative that funded by SSHRC that aims to critically investigate the state of conservation practice in Canada and support efforts to advance Indigenous-led conservation in the spirit of reconciliation and decolonization. The project is establishing a Canada-wide network to catalyze communication, coordination and reciprocal knowledge sharing amongst diverse partners, including Indigenous communities and environmental organizations working to support Indigenous-led conservation.

The role of CPCIL focuses on knowledge mobilization incorporating Indigenous perspectives in existing parks,  and leadership development in ethical space.

URL: www.conservation-reconciliation.ca

“Through open sharing of information, the CCEA aims to foster networking, partnering and excellence in the management of our protected areas.”

www.ccea.org

“ArcticNet is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that brings together scientists and managers in the natural, human health and social sciences with their partners from Inuit organizations, northern communities, federal and provincial agencies and the private sector. The objective of ArcticNet is to study the impacts of climate change and modernization in the coastal Canadian Arctic. Over 176 ArcticNet researchers and 1000 graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, research associates, technicians and other specialists from 40 Canadian universities, and 20 federal and provincial agencies and departments collaborate with more than 150 partner organizations in 14 countries.”

www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca/

“The Canadian Mountain Network (CMN) was established in 2019 to support the resilience and health of Canada’s mountain peoples and places through research partnerships based on Indigenous and Western ways of knowing that inform decision-making and action. 

CMN is generously supported by Canada’s research granting agencies through a five-year, $18.3 million grant from the Networks of Centres of Excellence program. Combined with contributions from diverse partner organizations, this funding represents a once-in-a-generation opportunity to position Canada as a global leader in mountain systems research at a time when Canada’s mountain systems are undergoing rapid and uncertain change.”

canadianmountainnetwork.ca

“The NSERC CHONe II Strategic Research Program is developing new conservation strategies for Canada’s changing oceans by partnering Canadian university researchers and government scientists. Major funding is provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) in partnership with Fisheries and Oceans Canada and other government agencies; INREST (representing the Port of Sept-Îles and City of Sept-Îles); and ENGOs.

CHONe brings together 39 researchers from 11 universities, one community college, and multiple federal research labs from coast to coast in Canada.”

chone2.ca

Park Research Resources

Annual lists of published, peer-reviewed articles related to parks and protected areas in Canada.

 

Reference List 2018
Reference List 2017
Reference List 2016

Reference List 2015

This project is supported in part by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

Grow the Research Network

Help us grow the Parks Research Network by creating a profile for you in the PanCanadian Parks and Protected Areas Research Network. You may provide information informally or in bullet-form, and where possible we encourage you to provide links to existing content that will help create an understanding of your work. Student Assistants will compile your responses into a profile and will share a preview prior to posting.